It is recommended to:
1. Maintain a safe distance when talking to people (1-1.5 metres).
2. Promote regular and thorough hand washing by people in public places: using soap and water or by disinfecting hands with alcohol-based hand rubs (containing at least 60% alcohol).
3. Make sure that employees, customers and contractors have access to places where they can wash their hands with soap and water.
4. Place disinfectant dispensers in a visible place in the workplace and ensure they are filled regularly.
5. Post information on effective hand washing in a visible place.
6. Combine the above with active communication, such as staff training by occupational health and safety professionals.
7. Emphasise the recommendation NOT to touch one’s own face, especially the mouth, nose and eyes with one’s own hands and to encourage respiratory and cough hygiene. Face masks are NOT recommended for wearing by healthy people, and should be restricted to wearing by infected people, people caring for patients and medical personnel working with patients suspected of coronavirus infection.
8. Make every effort to ensure that workplaces are clean and hygienic:
- all touch surfaces including desks, counters and tables, door knobs, light
switches, handrails and other objects (e.g. telephones, keyboards) must be
regularly wiped with disinfectant or water and detergent,
- all frequently used areas, such as restrooms and common areas, should be
cleaned regularly and carefully, using water and detergent.
9. Limit business trips, whether domestic or foreign, to a minimum. For sanitary and epidemiological reasons, the Chief Sanitary Inspector recommends that business trips, whether domestic or foreign, be kept to a minimum. According to the National Labour Inspectorate (LINK), an employee may refuse to go on a foreign business trip to a country where there is ongoing SARS-CoV-2 transmission.
10. Promote remote working for people returning from SARS-CoV-2 transmission areas.
- People returning from areas with SARS-CoV-2 spread (based on a list of countries according to announcements published on www.gis.gov.pl), should remain at home and monitor their health condition for 14 days consecutive immediately after their return (daily temperature measurements, self-checks for flu-like symptoms such as discomfort, muscle pain, coughing).
- It is recommended that, as far as possible, employers promote work from home for those returning from areas affected by coronavirus.
Eligibility criteria for further procedures: individuals potentially exposed due to their return from areas with ongoing SARS-CoV-2 transmission or individuals having had close contact with an infected individual
Any persons meeting the following clinical and epidemiological criteria must be subject to the procedure:
Any person with one or more symptoms of an acute respiratory infection:
- shortness of breath.
Any person who, in the 14 days prior to the onset of symptoms, fulfilled at least one of the following criteria:
- travelled to or stayed in an area where SARS-CoV-2 is currently spreading;
- had close contact with an individual known to be, or suspected of being, infected with SARS-CoV-2;
- worked in or visited a health care unit treating patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection.
An employee who meets the above clinical and epidemiological criteria should:
- immediately call a sanitary and epidemiological unit (SANEPID) and notify them accordingly, and
- proceed directly to an infectious disease ward or observation and infection ward, where further medical procedures will be determined.
Procedures for employees who have had close contact with an infected individual
A person is considered to have had close contact with an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 if they:
- have been in direct contact with a sick individual or in contact at a distance of less
than 2 metres for more than 15 minutes;
- had an extended face-to-face conversation with a person having symptoms of the
- have an infected person among their closest friends or colleagues;
- have been staying in the same house or sharing a hotel room with an infected person.
Close contacts are NOT considered infected, and if they feel well and have no symptoms of infection, they will not spread the infection to other people, however they are recommended to:
- remain at home for 14 days after the last contact with an infected person and check themselves for infection symptoms by daily checking their temperature and monitoring their health condition,
- submit to monitoring by a worker of a sanitary and epidemiological unit, in particular to give their telephone number for daily contact and health interviews,
- if during 14 days of self-check the following symptoms occur: fever, cough, shortness of breath, breathing problems – immediately call a sanitary and epidemiological unit (SANEPID) to notify them accordingly or proceed directly to an infectious disease ward or observation and infection ward, where further medical procedures will be determined.
People who are not close contacts:
- do not need to take any precautions or change their own activities, such as going to work, unless they feel unwell.
Recommendations for cleaning staff
Staff who are cleaning rooms or areas used by sick persons are recommended to take additional precautions:
- wear disposable gloves and a disposable mask covering the nose and mouth,
- wash and disinfect their hands immediately after the cleaning is finished, and gloves and mask are removed,
- throw the mask and gloves directly to a waste bag.
It is important to observe basic infection prevention rules, which may significantly reduce the risk of infection:
1. Wash your hands frequently – please see below for instructions on how to wash your hands properly
- Remember to wash your hands frequently with soap and water, and if this is not possible – disinfect your hands using alcohol-based hand sanitizers containing at least 60% alcohol.
- Washing hands as described above effectively eliminates the virus.
- The virus may remain viable for a short time on surfaces and objects that were contaminated by droplets from secretions coughed or sneezed from a sick person. There is a risk of virus transmission from contaminated surfaces on hands, e.g. by touching your face or rubbing your eyes. Washing your hands frequently therefore reduces the risk of infection.
2. Practise good sneeze/cough hygiene
- Cough and sneeze into your elbow or tissue – throw the tissue into a closed waste bin as soon as possible and wash your hands with soap and water or disinfect them using alcohol-based hand rub containing at least 60% alcohol. Covering your mouth and nose during coughing and sneezing prevents the spread of germs, including viruses. If you do not follow this rule, you can easily contaminate objects and surfaces, or the people you touch (e.g. when greeting them).
3. Maintain a safe distance
- Keep a distance of at least 1-1.5 metres from a person who is coughing, sneezing or has a fever.
4. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth
- Your hands touch many surfaces that may be contaminated with the virus.
Touching your eyes, nose or mouth with contaminated hands can cause
transmission of the virus to yourself.
5. If you are ill and have a fever, cough or difficulty breathing within 14 days after returning from a country where the coronavirus is spreading, you should seek medical assistance immediately.
- In such a case you should immediately call a sanitary and epidemiological unit to notify them accordingly (a list of such units is available at: LINK), or proceed directly to an infectious disease ward or observation and infection ward, where further medical procedures will be determined (a list of infectious disease wards is available at: LINK). Avoid using public transport.
6. If you are ill and feel very unwell, but you have not travelled to a country where coronavirus is spreading – the risk of the symptoms being caused by coronavirus is low.
- Symptoms from the respiratory system with accompanying fever may be caused by a number of factors, e.g. viruses (influenza viruses, adenoviruses, rhinoviruses, coronaviruses, parainfluenza viruses), or bacteria (Haemophilus influenzae, pertussis bacteria, chlamydia, mycoplasma).
7. If you have mild respiratory symptoms and have not travelled to a country where coronavirus is spreading, you should carefully practice basic respiratory hygiene and hand hygiene, and stay home until you recover, if possible.
8. Prevent other infectious diseases through vaccination, e.g. against influenza.
- Depending on the epidemic season, between several hundred thousand and
several million cases and suspected cases of influenza and flu-like illnesses
are annually registered in Poland. The peak incidence usually occurs between
January and March. Acute viral infections can be conducive to infections with
other germs, including viruses. However, vaccination against influenza should
not be considered as a way to prevent coronavirus infections.
9. Take good care of your immune system, make sure you get enough sleep, exercise and have a healthy diet. For more information on how to deal with a suspected coronavirus infection, call the National Health Fund (NFZ) helpline 800 190 590.
We also invite you to read article about general information and recommendations for entrepreneurs.
Ewelina Horoszkiewicz in conversation with Professor William Yu (UCLA) on USA, China and Europe.Ewelina Horoszkiewicz
We want the Boym Institute to become a valuable platform of exchanging views, making valuable acquaintances and, above all, deepening knowledge. Therefore, we undertake the organization of many events: debates, lectures, and conferences.
The aim of the paper is to discuss the role of the ASEAN as a critical component of the solution to the Korean unification.Nicolas Levi
The number of confirmed executions and frequent disappearances of politicians remind us that in North Korea the rules of social Darwinism apply. Any attempt to limit Kim Jong-un's power may be considered hostile and ruthless.Roman Husarski
Book review of "North Korean Defectors in a New and Competitive Society", written by Lee Ahlam and published by Rowman&Littlefield in 2016.Nicolas Levi
Book review of "Europe – North Korea. Between Humanitarianism And Business?", written by Myung-Kyu Park, Bernhard Seliger, Sung-Jo Park (Eds.) and published by Lit Verlag in 2010.Nicolas Levi
Intensive modernization and the desire to catch up with the armed forces of the United States made chinese interest in the military application of futuristic technologies grow bigger.Paweł Behrendt
Thanks to continuous economic development, Vietnam attracts a record number of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). The catalyst for such a strong growth of FDI in Vietnam is not only the ongoing trade war between the US and China, but also new international agreements.Jakub Królczyk
Book review of "North Korea’s Cities", written by Rainer Dormels and published byJimoondang Publishing Company in 2014.Nicolas Levi
North Korea is considered as a secretive state, but, paradoxically, the country is developing last trend technologies. With prohibitions restricting the flow of money, the country is turning to bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies to finance their programs, instead of coming under new pressure.Nicolas Levi
Ms. Łucja Drabczak - A Polish woman born in Harbin, she spent her childhood in China. She returned to Poland at the age of 10. She is the author of the book 'China... Memories from my childhood'. She contacted us to convey special family memories related to leaving Manchuria in 1949.
A short note and photo gallery from the chairman of the Board of the Boym Institute, who stays in Rwanda at the "Kigali Global Dialogue" conference.
On May 24 Dr. Nicolas Levi gave a lecture on Balcerowicz's plan in the context of North Korea. The speech took place as part of the seminar "Analyzing the Possibility of Reform and its Impact on Human Rights in North Korea".
The trade war is just one of the problems of confrontation between the United States and the People's Republic of China. Many aspects of this competition coincide in the South China Sea.Paweł Behrendt
Indonesia is the largest Muslim democracy in the world. Approximately 88% of the population in Indonesia declares Islamic religion, but in spite of this significant dominance, Indonesia is not a religious state.Anna Grzywacz
Witnessing the recent flurry of political activity amid the accelerating environmental emergency, from the Green New Deal to the UN climate summits to European political initiatives, one could be forgiven for thinking that things are finally moving forward.Dawid Juraszek
In the first part of this analysis of Ulaanbaatar’s winning 2040 General Development Plan Conception (GDPC) I look into the historical preconditions for the city’s planned development as well as present the legislative climate in which works on Ulaanbaatar’s future development strategies have recently found themselves.Paweł Szczap
Book review of "GDR International Development Policy Involvement. Doctrine and Strategies between Illusions and Reality 1960-1990, The example (South) Africa", written by Ulrich van der Heyden and published by Lit Verlag in 2013.Nicolas Levi
With China one of the key players in the global supply chain, supplying major manufacturing companies with commodities, components and final products, the recent emerging outbreak of Coronavirus provides for a number of organizational as well as legal challenges.
Book review of "Korean Diaspora in Postwar Japan - Geopolitics, Identity and Nation-Building", written by Kim Myung-ja and published by I.B Tauris in 2017.Nicolas Levi
We would like to inform, that Observer Research Foundation has published article of Krzysztof Zalewski - the Boym Institute Analyst, President of the Board and Editor of the “Tydzień w Azji” weekly.
Kochański & Partners and the Boym Institute engaged in delivering information about latest after-effects of COVID-19 pandemia, which has begun to spread in Poland during the past days.
A Brief Scetch : He has taught at many leading institutions around the world, such as University of Chicago, University of Pennsylvania, Tulane University in U.S., Tsinghua University, Peking University in Beijing, HKUST in Hong Kong, National University of Singapore, …Ewelina Horoszkiewicz
Evidence suggests that North Korea stores its high-level nuclear waste (HLW) in liquid form in tanks on the same site where it is made, and has not invested in infrastructure to reduce, dentrify, or vitrify this waste. However, this is just the tip of the iceberg, one of many aspects of the North Korean nuclear waste problem.Nicolas Levi