It is recommended to:
1. Maintain a safe distance when talking to people (1-1.5 metres).
2. Promote regular and thorough hand washing by people in public places: using soap and water or by disinfecting hands with alcohol-based hand rubs (containing at least 60% alcohol).
3. Make sure that employees, customers and contractors have access to places where they can wash their hands with soap and water.
4. Place disinfectant dispensers in a visible place in the workplace and ensure they are filled regularly.
5. Post information on effective hand washing in a visible place.
6. Combine the above with active communication, such as staff training by occupational health and safety professionals.
7. Emphasise the recommendation NOT to touch one’s own face, especially the mouth, nose and eyes with one’s own hands and to encourage respiratory and cough hygiene. Face masks are NOT recommended for wearing by healthy people, and should be restricted to wearing by infected people, people caring for patients and medical personnel working with patients suspected of coronavirus infection.
8. Make every effort to ensure that workplaces are clean and hygienic:
- all touch surfaces including desks, counters and tables, door knobs, light
switches, handrails and other objects (e.g. telephones, keyboards) must be
regularly wiped with disinfectant or water and detergent,
- all frequently used areas, such as restrooms and common areas, should be
cleaned regularly and carefully, using water and detergent.
9. Limit business trips, whether domestic or foreign, to a minimum. For sanitary and epidemiological reasons, the Chief Sanitary Inspector recommends that business trips, whether domestic or foreign, be kept to a minimum. According to the National Labour Inspectorate (LINK), an employee may refuse to go on a foreign business trip to a country where there is ongoing SARS-CoV-2 transmission.
10. Promote remote working for people returning from SARS-CoV-2 transmission areas.
- People returning from areas with SARS-CoV-2 spread (based on a list of countries according to announcements published on www.gis.gov.pl), should remain at home and monitor their health condition for 14 days consecutive immediately after their return (daily temperature measurements, self-checks for flu-like symptoms such as discomfort, muscle pain, coughing).
- It is recommended that, as far as possible, employers promote work from home for those returning from areas affected by coronavirus.
Eligibility criteria for further procedures: individuals potentially exposed due to their return from areas with ongoing SARS-CoV-2 transmission or individuals having had close contact with an infected individual
Any persons meeting the following clinical and epidemiological criteria must be subject to the procedure:
Any person with one or more symptoms of an acute respiratory infection:
- shortness of breath.
Any person who, in the 14 days prior to the onset of symptoms, fulfilled at least one of the following criteria:
- travelled to or stayed in an area where SARS-CoV-2 is currently spreading;
- had close contact with an individual known to be, or suspected of being, infected with SARS-CoV-2;
- worked in or visited a health care unit treating patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection.
An employee who meets the above clinical and epidemiological criteria should:
- immediately call a sanitary and epidemiological unit (SANEPID) and notify them accordingly, and
- proceed directly to an infectious disease ward or observation and infection ward, where further medical procedures will be determined.
Procedures for employees who have had close contact with an infected individual
A person is considered to have had close contact with an individual infected with SARS-CoV-2 if they:
- have been in direct contact with a sick individual or in contact at a distance of less
than 2 metres for more than 15 minutes;
- had an extended face-to-face conversation with a person having symptoms of the
- have an infected person among their closest friends or colleagues;
- have been staying in the same house or sharing a hotel room with an infected person.
Close contacts are NOT considered infected, and if they feel well and have no symptoms of infection, they will not spread the infection to other people, however they are recommended to:
- remain at home for 14 days after the last contact with an infected person and check themselves for infection symptoms by daily checking their temperature and monitoring their health condition,
- submit to monitoring by a worker of a sanitary and epidemiological unit, in particular to give their telephone number for daily contact and health interviews,
- if during 14 days of self-check the following symptoms occur: fever, cough, shortness of breath, breathing problems – immediately call a sanitary and epidemiological unit (SANEPID) to notify them accordingly or proceed directly to an infectious disease ward or observation and infection ward, where further medical procedures will be determined.
People who are not close contacts:
- do not need to take any precautions or change their own activities, such as going to work, unless they feel unwell.
Recommendations for cleaning staff
Staff who are cleaning rooms or areas used by sick persons are recommended to take additional precautions:
- wear disposable gloves and a disposable mask covering the nose and mouth,
- wash and disinfect their hands immediately after the cleaning is finished, and gloves and mask are removed,
- throw the mask and gloves directly to a waste bag.
It is important to observe basic infection prevention rules, which may significantly reduce the risk of infection:
1. Wash your hands frequently – please see below for instructions on how to wash your hands properly
- Remember to wash your hands frequently with soap and water, and if this is not possible – disinfect your hands using alcohol-based hand sanitizers containing at least 60% alcohol.
- Washing hands as described above effectively eliminates the virus.
- The virus may remain viable for a short time on surfaces and objects that were contaminated by droplets from secretions coughed or sneezed from a sick person. There is a risk of virus transmission from contaminated surfaces on hands, e.g. by touching your face or rubbing your eyes. Washing your hands frequently therefore reduces the risk of infection.
2. Practise good sneeze/cough hygiene
- Cough and sneeze into your elbow or tissue – throw the tissue into a closed waste bin as soon as possible and wash your hands with soap and water or disinfect them using alcohol-based hand rub containing at least 60% alcohol. Covering your mouth and nose during coughing and sneezing prevents the spread of germs, including viruses. If you do not follow this rule, you can easily contaminate objects and surfaces, or the people you touch (e.g. when greeting them).
3. Maintain a safe distance
- Keep a distance of at least 1-1.5 metres from a person who is coughing, sneezing or has a fever.
4. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth
- Your hands touch many surfaces that may be contaminated with the virus.
Touching your eyes, nose or mouth with contaminated hands can cause
transmission of the virus to yourself.
5. If you are ill and have a fever, cough or difficulty breathing within 14 days after returning from a country where the coronavirus is spreading, you should seek medical assistance immediately.
- In such a case you should immediately call a sanitary and epidemiological unit to notify them accordingly (a list of such units is available at: LINK), or proceed directly to an infectious disease ward or observation and infection ward, where further medical procedures will be determined (a list of infectious disease wards is available at: LINK). Avoid using public transport.
6. If you are ill and feel very unwell, but you have not travelled to a country where coronavirus is spreading – the risk of the symptoms being caused by coronavirus is low.
- Symptoms from the respiratory system with accompanying fever may be caused by a number of factors, e.g. viruses (influenza viruses, adenoviruses, rhinoviruses, coronaviruses, parainfluenza viruses), or bacteria (Haemophilus influenzae, pertussis bacteria, chlamydia, mycoplasma).
7. If you have mild respiratory symptoms and have not travelled to a country where coronavirus is spreading, you should carefully practice basic respiratory hygiene and hand hygiene, and stay home until you recover, if possible.
8. Prevent other infectious diseases through vaccination, e.g. against influenza.
- Depending on the epidemic season, between several hundred thousand and
several million cases and suspected cases of influenza and flu-like illnesses
are annually registered in Poland. The peak incidence usually occurs between
January and March. Acute viral infections can be conducive to infections with
other germs, including viruses. However, vaccination against influenza should
not be considered as a way to prevent coronavirus infections.
9. Take good care of your immune system, make sure you get enough sleep, exercise and have a healthy diet. For more information on how to deal with a suspected coronavirus infection, call the National Health Fund (NFZ) helpline 800 190 590.
We also invite you to read article about general information and recommendations for entrepreneurs.
First burials of Catholics, mostly Poles but also other Non-Orthodox believers took place in future Harbin in the so called small „old” or later Pokrovskoe Orthodox cemetery in the future European New Town quarter and small graveyards at the military and civilian hospitals of Chinese Eastern Railway at the turn of XIX and XX century.Jerzy Czajewski
Ms. Łucja Drabczak - A Polish woman born in Harbin, she spent her childhood in China. She returned to Poland at the age of 10. She is the author of the book 'China... Memories from my childhood'. She contacted us to convey special family memories related to leaving Manchuria in 1949.
What we observe in China is a population reduction strategy paired with the socio-economic transition. In my view it’s not a crisis, but it is a very challenging transition.Lauren Johnston
India’s current position towards the Russian invasion on Ukraine may damage its reputation as a major force of peace in the world
A short note and photo gallery from the chairman of the Board of the Boym Institute, who stays in Rwanda at the "Kigali Global Dialogue" conference.
Book review of "North Korean Defectors in a New and Competitive Society", written by Lee Ahlam - assistant professor in the Department of Educational Leadership and Human Resource Development at Xavier University Cincinnati, Ohio.Nicolas Levi
Since the invasion of Ukraine, the Taiwanese government remained committed to its position of condemnation for Russia, humanitarian support for Ukraine, and deep appreciation and admiration for the Ukrainian people’s will to defy power, resist aggression, and defend their nation.Kuan Ting Chen
The Chinese Influence Campaign can allegedly play a dangerous role at certain Central European universities, as stated in the article ‘Countering China’s Influence Campaigns at European Universities’, (...) However, the text does ignore Poland, the country with the largest number of universities and students in the region. And we argue, the situation is much more complex.Patrycja Pendrakowska
The aim of the paper is to discuss the role of the ASEAN as a critical component of the solution to the Korean unification. The Korean Unification refers to the potential reunification of both Koreas into a single sovereign Korean state led by the leadership of the two Koreas.Nicolas Levi
This paper deals with the issue of drug business in post-Soviet Central Asia, a region that plays a key role in the trafficking of banned substances from Asia (mainly Afghanistan) to Europe. The study briefly presents the areas that make up the picture of drug business in Central Asia, paying attention to production and distribution.Jerzy Olędzki
Commissioned in 2019 by the British government and published in February 2021, The Dasgupta Review has been likened to the 2006 Stern Review. Where the latter brought to widespread attention the many failings of the world economy in the face of global warming, the former makes similar points as regards biodiversity – and identifies the unique challenges faced by women.Dawid Juraszek
We would like to inform, that Observer Research Foundation has published article of Patrycja Pendrakowska - the Boym Institute Analyst and President of the Board.Patrycja Pendrakowska
The trade war is just one of the problems of confrontation between the United States and the People's Republic of China. Many aspects of this competition coincide in the South China Sea.Paweł Behrendt
In April 2021, the 30 years of establishing diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea (ROK) and Albania was officially organized in the South Korean embassy in Athens, the capital of Greece. The localization of these official festivities perfectly pictured the nature of the relations between these two countries.Nicolas Levi
By sharing knowledge, business opportunities, and best practices the Council generates awareness of women's contributions in developing the India-EU relations.
We are pleased to announce, that our analysts and contributors are among authors of the newest publication - "European Perspectives on the New Silk Roads – A Transcultural Approach".
In recent years, India has been the fastest growing among the major countries' economies in the world. (...) In the coming decades, the Subcontinent's largest country may remain one of the pillars of global economic growth. This is one of the reasons why the country is already the most popular destination for Polish foreign investment in the Asian-Pacific region.
At the Boym Institute we are coming out with new initiative: #WomeninBoym, which aims to show the activity of this – often less visible – half of society. We will write about what women think, say and do. We will also publicise what women are researching and writing.
#EuropeIndia40, an initiative of EICBI, covers the stories of leaders below the age of 40 and their contributions to promoting EU India / UK India relations.
Interview on the project Supporting the Economic Empowerment of Afghan Women through Education and Training in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. Magdalena Sobańska-Cwalina and Krzysztof M. Zalewski (The Boym Institute) in discussion with: Yakup Beris, Johannes Stenbaek Madsen, Maria Dotsenko, Gulnar Smailova,Zespół Instytutu Boyma
Polish women do not often become the heroines of media reports in Central Asia. In February 2020, however, it was different. The story of Agnieszka Pikulicka-Wilczewska, a journalist, "heated up" the headlines of local news portals. More importantly, "between the lines" she talked a lot about contemporary Uzbekistan and the role of women in politics.Magdalena Sobańska-Cwalina
As large parts of the world are gradually becoming habituated to living in the shadow of the coronavirus pandemic, global attention has turned to restarting the economy. One of the most consequential impacts of these efforts will be that on our climate policies and environmental conditions.Dawid Juraszek
Book review of "Unveiling the North Korean economy", written by Kim Byung-yeon and published by Cambridge University Press in 2016.B. Tauris in 2017.Nicolas Levi
Ada Dyndo conducts an interview with Shairee Malhotra on India’s role in G20. Shairee Malhotra serves as a Coordinator of the T20 India Taskforce on Reformed Multilateralism for India’s G20 presidency.Ada Dyndo